A Guide to Propagating Succulents

You love your little succulents, don’t you? But did you know you can make more of these gorgeous little plants yourself?

Propagating succulents is something that gardeners have been doing for hundreds (nay… millions!) of years. And you can totally do it too. It’s basically a process of turning your succulents into many many more. Read on to see how!

Propagate Succulents

If you love everything succulent related, make sure to check out our other posts: How to Care For Succulents, How to Re-Pot Succulents, What’s Wrong With My Succulents

Propagate Succulents

How to Propagate Succulents

1. Pluck The Leaves From The Stem

Start plucking from the bottom and move upwards. Gently twist the entire leaf off from the base, making sure that it is removed close to the stem.

2. Cut Off the Top of the Succulent

The top piece can also be replanted, and it will grow into a new plant.

3. Lay the Leaves Out to Dry

Allow the leaves to dry for between three days to a week. This varies based on how warm or light it is. A crust will form on the cut sections of the leaves, which will allow them to start to regrow.

4. Place the Leaves on Soil

When placing the leaves, make sure that they are delicately positioned on top of the soil, keeping an eye that the base of the leave does not have contact with the soil. Watering is essential at this stage to avoid the soil from drying out. A spray bottle can be useful.

5. Let the Cuttings Grow

The cuttings will soon develop roots and you will be able to see new leaves sprouting!  And like all things good happen with time (and patience), this is a process that will take 1-2 months.

6. Repot the New Succulents

The original leaf will eventually wither and fall off. You can then plant the new succulents into a fresh pot.

7. Keep the Top Cutting

Repot the top cutting of the old succulent and water it. It will eventually develop roots and grow. As it slowly grows, make sure to keep the roots well covered with soil to avoid drying out.

8. Growing the Original Succulent

Consistently water the stem of the old succulent as new leaves will spring from it soon.

Propagate Succulents

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DoD Inspector General to Finally Investigate Military Pollution

(PP) — The Department of Defense’s internal watchdog is launching an investigation into the military’s heavily polluting practice of open burning and detonating hazardous explosive materials on its properties, as well as its frequent reliance on federal contractors to carry out that work. The inquiry, announced Aug. 10 on the website of the department’s Office of Inspector General, will […]

Legendary undercover investigators protect forests

Week to week, their names and professions vary, changing to fit the different surroundings and people they move between. They’re the chameleons of the rain forest.

“I watch a lot of James Bond movies,” one of them jokes.

The men in question can’t be named or pictured, because they’re undercover investigators for a deforestation watchdog group called Eyes on the Forest (EoF). And they’re routinely putting their safety on the line to protect Thirty Hills, one of the last great swaths of rainforest on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

Since the 1980s, Sumatra has been clearing its forests at a breakneck pace, largely for palm oil and pulpwood plantations. Eyes on the Forest was founded in 2004 in Riau Province–the epicenter of the deforestation–to expose that destruction to the world.

The group has since become legendary. Through detective work, photography, satellite imagery, and, more recently, drone footage, EoF has produced a slew of investigative reports detailing Sumatra’s deforestation, as well as the political and corporate corruption driving it.

Their investigations have helped land six Indonesian government officials in jail, including a former governor of Riau Province. EoF reports were key to a campaign against Asia Pulp & Paper, one of the world’s largest paper companies with a deforestation legacy of more than 2 million hectares, that forced APP to pledge to stop pulping tiger habitat to make toilet paper. Google lent them assistance to develop a cutting-edge online map that tracks deforestation and deforestation drivers like APP. Eyes on the Forest uses satellite imagery NASA provides freely to the public and WWF-Indonesia is a part of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s science initiative to test their radar satellite images.

EoF’s investigations have long focused on Sumatra’s Riau Province. In 2014, the group expanded its network to Borneo as several NGOs established a consortium; and in 2015 the network was redeveloped as Kalimantan’s Eyes on the Forest network. In 2016, EoF was asked to open a new network in Sumatra’s Jambi Province, to monitor loss of the vulnerable forests of Thirty Hills.

“WWF-Indonesia and partners had just secured a concession there to protect a big chunk of forest outside Thirty Hills National Park,” says Jan Vertefeuille, head of wildlife conservation advocacy for WWF-US. “And we believed that encroachers had cleared some of the forest in the concession while we were waiting to get the license. Eyes on the Forest brought the model they developed in Riau for use in monitoring the concession.”

In March 2016, with support from a handful of office-based staff, four EoF investigators began exploring Thirty Hills in disguise. They quickly discovered a number of encroachments in the forest concession; the biggest was a 3,200-acre palm oil plantation. “We heard about that one through a local informant,” says Nursamsu, EoF’s founder and coordinator. “Based on what we found, we believe a village leader hostile to WWF ‘sold’ it to a powerful individual in Jakarta.”

Thanks to that discovery, PT. Alam Bukit Tigapuluh (ABT), the company that WWF-Indonesia and partners started to manage the concession, has filed a police complaint against the plantation owner. Meanwhile, EoF’s investigators continue to patrol other parts of the concession undercover.

It’s dangerous work. In 2007 during a patrol in Riau’s Tesso Nilo National Park, one of the investigators was attacked by angry mob, kidnapped, and held hostage by an encroacher. “The encroacher and his men beat me and the others with me, and then took me to his house,” he says. “It took six hours for us to be released.”

Despite that experience, the investigator says he’s as committed as ever to protecting Thirty Hills and Sumatra’s other forests. Plus, he likes his job. “You have to think on your feet and blend into different settings and situations. You have to adapt quickly to new things,” he says of his work. “I enjoy that.”

Congratulations, Bahamas! We Did It!

The waters around The Bahamas are classic Caribbean: vibrant shades of turquoise from afar, crystal-clear on the surface, and teeming with corals, seagrasses, and animals of every color. Because these diverse species evolved together over eons, they are interdependent. Each species relies on others for food, so removing even one can throw the ecosystem out of balance.

One species—spiny lobster—is particularly popular, both on land and at sea. People enjoy the crustacean, as do dolphins, sharks, turtles and other animals. That’s why it’s so important that The Bahamas’ lobster fishermen just earned certification from the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) for managing their fishery to the highest available standard of environmental performance.

Eight years ago, World Wildlife Fund began collaborating with The Nature Conservancy as well as Bahamian government officials, exporters, and fishermen to manage the fishery sustainably. MSC certification means that they have made significant strides in their environmental performance, helping position the fishery to produce food and jobs as sustainably as possible.

“We eagerly accept the MSC stamp of approval,” said Mia Isaacs, president of the Bahamas Marine Export Association. “It’s been a collaborative effort and we are thankful to all the stakeholders, especially the fishermen. As we continually improve our spiny lobster fishery, we aim for product of The Bahamas to become synonymous with strength, collaboration and sustainability. MSC certification is a proud accomplishment. Congratulations, Bahamas! We did it!”

WWF engaged leading U.S. companies, such as Costco, Kroger, Hyatt, Hilton, Tequesta Bay, and Supervalu, to use their buying power to encourage fishermen to work toward MSC certification and to provide the financial support needed to achieve their goal.

“Earning certification is a win-win-win for the lobster fishermen, their buyers, consumers, and for all the animals that enjoy lobster as much as we humans do,” said Wendy Goyert, WWF’s lead specialist for Latin America fisheries in transition. “This is a huge achievement for The Bahamas, and we congratulate everyone for working so hard to manage this precious resource for the long-term.”

Guardians saves rivers from water-depleting scheme—again

On August 2, the New Mexico State Engineer dismissed a second attempt by Augustin Plains Ranch to push through a speculative scheme for mining groundwater in central New Mexico.

Guardians, farmers, ranchers, and local communities protested the Ranch’s scheme to pump and transport 54,000 acre-feet of water to unidentified users in the Rio Grande valley in 2016. The protest stemmed from our concern that water pumped from beneath the San Augustin Plains could deplete flows in Alamosa Creek, the Gila River, and the Rio Grande.

The decision is a step in the right direction toward learning to live within our means—and within rivers’ means.

Read the press release.

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Massachusetts Fails to Protect Pollinators

BOSTON – The Massachusetts legislature failed to pass legislation yesterday that would restrict the use of bee-killing neonicotinoid pesticides. H. 4041, An Act to Protect Massachusetts Pollinators, would have restricted the use of neonics to licensed pesticide applicators only.

Jason Davidson, Food and Agriculture Campaign Associate at Friends of the Earth, issued the following statement in response:

Bees and other essential pollinators are dying off at alarming rates, and harmful insecticides are largely to blame. It is extremely disappointing to see the Massachusetts legislature ignore this devastating problem and fail to pass this much-needed bill. These common sense restrictions on neonics would have been a boon for the environment and food system of Massachusetts. The legislature has ignored the support and expertise of more than 180 scientists, businesses, beekeepers, farmers and conservationists who formally endorsed this bill.

The failure of the state legislature comes after Massachusetts beekeepers lost 65 percent of their honeybee hives last year, a rate 25 percent higher than the national average. Thousands of scientific studies implicate neonicotinoids as a key contributor to these declines.

During the legislative session, more than 100 Massachusetts scientists and academics sent a letter to the Joint Committee on Environment, Natural Resources and Agriculture in support of H. 4041. However, the clock ran out at midnight, July 31, when the legislative session came to an end.

Communications Contact: Erin Jensen, (202) 222-0722, ejensen@foe.org

The post Massachusetts Fails to Protect Pollinators appeared first on Friends of the Earth.

Children’s sunscreen contains hidden nanoparticle ingredients, new testing finds

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Four major brands of children’s sunscreen products sold across the U.S. contain engineered nanoparticles, according to laboratory results released today by Friends of the Earth U.S. Nanoparticles were found in Aveeno® Baby Natural Protection®, Banana Boat® Kids, Neutrogena® Pure and Free® Baby and Thinksport™ Kid’s Safe sunscreen.

Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles are widely used in sunscreens due to their transparent appearance. The size and chemical characteristics of nanomaterials can potentially create unique and unpredictable human health and environmental risks.

“Potentially hazardous nanomaterials shouldn’t be used in sunscreens or other products ahead of safety assessment, oversight and labeling, especially those intended for children,” said Ian Illuminato, senior health and environment campaigner at Friends of the Earth U.S. “Consumers must be empowered to make healthy decisions for their families and to avoid exposure to chemicals that put them at risk. Companies should make information on nanoparticle ingredients used in their products available to the public and avoid using these ingredients in children’s products. Our government should test and require approval for these products before commercialization.”

The unique properties of nanomaterials, including tiny size and vastly increased surface area to volume ratio, have enticed manufacturers to experiment with these ingredients in hundreds of consumer products including sunscreens, cosmetics, baby formula and other food products.

Often, nanoparticles have made it into these products without mandatory safety assessment, regulation or labeling. While Europe already requires the safety testing and labeling of nano-ingredients in sunscreens, the U.S. has yet to follow suit.

Friends of the Earth’s review of consumer products has found that nanoparticles have entered just about every category of personal care product on the market, including deodorant, soap, toothpaste, shampoo, hair conditioner, sunscreen, anti-wrinkle cream, moisturizer, foundation, face powder, lipstick, blush, eye shadow, nail polish, perfume and after-shave lotion. We have also found nanoparticles of concern in other children’s products including baby formula, see Friends of the Earth U.S. report “Nanoparticles in Baby Formula: Tiny New Ingredients are a Big Concern.”

Read more about the risks of nanosunscreens and recommendations for companies, regulators and consumers in the report Nanoparticles in Children’s Sunscreen: 2018 test results, health concerns and recommendations for parents, companies and regulators.

Expert contact: Ian Illuminato, (250) 335-3250, IIlluminato@foe.org
Communications contact: Patrick Davis, (202) 222-0744, pdavis@foe.org

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Pruitt’s EPA decisions should be suspended until corruption investigations are complete

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Senator Merkley (D-OR) and Representative Connolly (D-VA) introduced House and Senate versions of the Ensuring Pruitt is Accountable Act of 2018 this afternoon. The legislation would suspend rulemakings initiated under ex-EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt until after the Inspector General investigations into his conduct are complete.

The legislation is supported by 14 environmental groups, who endorsed the bills in a letter to lawmakers.

Lukas Ross, Senior Policy Analyst at Friends of the Earth, issued the following statement in response:

As Andrew Wheeler prepares to face the Senate for the first time as acting Administrator, he must reckon with the unprecedented damage inflicted on the EPA by his predecessor. Every piece of policy Scott Pruitt touched must be frozen in its tracks. Pruitt may be gone, but his toxic corruption at the EPA will live on if Congress fails to act. We thank Senator Merkley and Representative Connolly for their leadership in restoring public confidence in the EPA.

Expert contact: Lukas Ross, (202) 222-0724, lross@foe.org
Communications contact: Erin Jensen, (202) 222-0722, ejensen@foe.org

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Kui Buri National Park’s only female ranger shatters stereotypes

Woraya Makal comes across as a gentle and soft-spoken woman, but she is clear about what she wants and does not mince her words, especially when explaining why she chose her current occupation.

“I became a ranger because [as a ranger] you have the right to make decisions on your own,” she says of her work.

“And because I love nature.”

Woraya, called Kwan, is the only female ranger in the whole of Kui Buri National Park – a protected area in south-western Thailand, that borders Myanmar to the west.

A veteran in her field, Kwan has spent almost a decade engaging in wildlife protection and patrolling national parks. At Kui Buri, where she has worked for two and a half years, she is one of 116 rangers.

In Thailand, women like Kwan remain a rarity. But neither this nor the voices alleging that women aren’t suited for the ranger lifestyle – which comprises long working hours in spartan and sometimes dangerous conditions, away from loved ones – have prevented her from living her truth.

“I think [gender] doesn’t matter for your occupation. Any job that a man can do a woman can do also. Sometimes even better,” Kwan asserts, chuckling.

Like her colleagues, she ventures out on patrol for 15 days each month, sometimes in the company of WWF staff. Armed with a digital camera – an item she rarely parts with – Kwan documents wildlife movements throughout the park and looks out for snares left behind by poachers.

At the end of each day, she sends her findings and photographs via a mobile app to her supervisors, who log it onto the SMART patrolling system –software that allows for better planning of rangers’ and WWF’s joint protection efforts.

“When I go on my motorbike, it is to check where the animals come out and give that information to the tourists,” she says.

Over the years, Kui Buri has become known as one of the best places in Thailand for spotting Asian elephants and mighty gaurs (also known as Indian bison). If you’re lucky, you might even see a rare banteng, a species of wild forest cattle, among the herds of gaur. Because Kui Buri’s wildlife attracts visitors from all over the world, one of Kwan’s responsibilities is to look out for the people admiring the animals and share information with the park’s guides as to the wildlife’s whereabouts.

She also engages in habitat improvement. The activity— which includes removing weeds from the park’s open fields with fellow rangers and WWF staffers and replanting native vegetation—ensures elephants have enough food within the park and don’t venture out in search of food in neighboring plantations.

Kwan lives for much of the year at a ranger base camp in the park. That, and the collaborative nature of her work means that close alliances are formed quickly. “The way we make jokes and talk to each other it’s really like family,” she proclaims when talking about her seven-person ranger unit.

That’s not to say she doesn’t miss her loved ones. Kwan admits her close-knit community is no substitute for her two teenage sons, who live with their father in another province.

A 2016 survey conducted by WWF 11 Asian countries, including Thailand, revealed that that 45% of the 530 rangers surveyed saw their families less than five days a month. Kwan visits her children twice a month, at most – a choice she makes with a heavy heart but one she sees as necessary to pay for their education.

Kwan concedes she sometimes faces criticism for choosing a profession that separates her from her sons because she is a woman and a mother, but she doesn’t dwell on negative voices.

“If I care about what other people think, I will not provide for [my children],” she says. “I work for them.”

This passion for her family, and for the park and its wildlife, drive Kwan and rangers like her, who serve so bravely on the frontlines of conservation.

Back a ranger: Help the women and men protecting nature and wildlife

New Survey Finds One in Seven Wildlife Rangers Have Been Seriously Injured in the Line of Duty Over the Past Year

New results released by World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to mark World Ranger Day reveal that one in seven wildlife rangers (14 percent) surveyed across Asia and Central Africa have been seriously injured at work within the last 12 months. The results, part of the largest ever survey on ranger employment conditions and welfare, come as the official death toll from July 2017-18 has been confirmed by the International Ranger Federation (IRF) & Thin Green Line Foundation (TGLF) as 107 – up from 101 last year.

This brings the total number of reported rangers who have lost their lives in the line of duty to 871* since 2009, which is when IRF and TGLF started to officially record the incidents. However, experts believe the actual number of deaths to be much higher than the reported number.

“The stats this year, 48 rangers of the 107 lost this year, were murdered at their place of work whilst protecting wildlife that we all care about. Another 50 died in work place accidents due to the dangerous nature of a ranger’s life.  But these are not just statistics, these are men and women, rangers, who leave families behind, often with little support except for what we can provide. As a world community we need to do more and we have to do better in training and equipping rangers so that they have a greater chance of returning home to their families after a patrol,” said Sean Willmore, President of the IRF and Founder of its charity arm, TGLF.

WWF’s survey, which will be published later this year, has been completed by rangers working in Asia and Central Africa. WWF is also currently conducting the survey in East Africa. These regions are renowned as the most dangerous for the profession due to high levels of poaching to feed the demand for illegal wildlife trade products, largely coming from China and neighboring countries.

World-over, we’re facing a rapid decline in nature, including some of our most beloved species. Rangers are on the front line of protecting much of this iconic wildlife and due to the very nature of their job, it comes as little or no surprise that they risk facing life-threatening situations. What is shocking is that despite their willingness to bear these grave risks to help save our shared wildlife, few are receiving fair pay, insurance and adequate training,” said Rohit Singh, WWF’s Zero Poaching Lead & President, Ranger Federation of Asia.

An overwhelming majority (86 percent) of rangers think their job is dangerous due to the grave risks associated with encountering or confronting poachers. Recent tragic incidents show that these concerns are not unfounded.

This year saw the murder of, Rachel Katumwa, the first female ranger thought to be killed while on duty in Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Just a month prior to Rachel’s murder in the same area, suspected members of an armed militia group that were involved in poaching activity gunned down five wildlife rangers and their driver. It was the worst attack in Virunga’s history and the latest in a long line of tragic incidents in which rangers have lost their lives defending the planet’s natural heritage.

Despite high risks from armed poachers, dangerous encounters with wildlife and exposure to infectious diseases like malaria, only 15 percent of the rangers surveyed had been trained in first aid within the last year and almost six out of ten (58 percent) felt that when most in need of medical treatment, the services they received were not sufficient.

In Asia, on average a ranger gets paid $292 USD per month, and in Central Africa $150 USD per month– most often this is the main (or only) source of income for their families. The survey also highlights the concerning lack of insurance for rangers and their dependents. Despite life-changing injuries and death so commonplace within the profession, just 36 percent indicated that they had insurance coverage for such situations. Should rangers become injured and are no longer able to work – or worse yet, are killed – in the line of duty, the entire family are left vulnerable to a life of poverty.

“Nothing can compensate those that have sacrificed their lives and livelihoods to protect our wildlife, but we hope that by bringing to light these challenges, urgent steps will be taken to address them and in turn, improve the lives and working conditions of rangers and their families,” said  Drew McVey,  East Africa Wildlife Crime Technical Advisor, WWF.

WWF is calling upon governments to urgently review and improve shortcomings that are endangering the lives of wildlife rangers. Adequate training, including widely-adopted first aid training for rangers, strong emergency medical treatment plans, as well as equipment and communications devices appropriate for field conditions should be among the matters most urgently needing a review. Additionally, 100% insurance coverage for serious injuries and loss of life is a critical next step for rangers and their families.

At the upcoming London Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade, taking place in October this year, we must see commitments from world leaders in countries where wildlife poaching occurs to ensure they have adequate numbers of properly equipped, trained and insured rangers. WWF hopes to work closely with these governments and other concerned partners to ensure rangers are recognized and supported with the same respect as other public service professions putting their lives on the line to work towards providing us all with a better world.

Rare Sri Lankan spiders listed under Endangered Species Act

In response to a petition from Guardians, today the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service finalized Endangered Species Act protections for five species of Sri Lankan spider. The large, brightly colored spiders are now listed as “endangered” under the Act.

The spiders, members of the genus Poecilotheria, are sought by insect collectors for the pet trade, and their forest habitat in Sri Lanka is shrinking rapidly. Sri Lanka prohibits commercial collection of the spiders, but enforcement is difficult, and even modest numbers of spiders collected from the wild can affect the population.

We hope the protection of these beautiful animals encourages conservation and raises awareness about the perils of the exotic pet trade.

Read the press release.

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Rare footage shows successful tiger breeding

Rare and never-before-seen footage of a Sumatran tiger family offers exciting proof of tigers breeding successfully in the wild. The video shows a female tigress – named Rima – and her 3 cubs growing up in Central Sumatra. Rima then meets Uma, a male Sumatra tiger, and breeds successfully to have four more tiger cubs.

Yet, tigers are endangered, facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. Today, there are only around 3,900 wild tigers worldwide. That’s more than a 95% decline from perhaps 100,000 just over a century ago.

Top predators in the food chain, wild tigers play a crucial role in maintaining balanced ecosystems that support thousands of other species and millions of people.

“If left to their own devices with enough habitat, prey and protection, tigers will breed,” said Ginette Hemley, senior vice president for wildlife conservation, WWF. “This video shows progress toward tiger population recovery in Indonesia and demonstrates what’s possible when governments, businesses and local communities work together toward a conservation goal.”

WWF works closely with partners around the world to achieve the TX2 goal—to double the number of tigers in the wild. This includes supporting rangers with proper training and equipment, collaborating with governments to strengthen protected areas management, and ensuring that local communities benefit from tiger conservation.

WWF also works with supporters worldwide to urge their local governments to prioritize tiger conservation, buy sustainably-sourced products that do not contribute to habitat destruction and ensure that they do not visit tiger farms or buy illegal tiger parts.

Tiger Farms: A Threat to Conservation of Wild Tigers

On Global Tiger Day, we, the undersigned organizations affirm our commitment to the protection and preservation of wild tigers,  are committed to working in collaboration with governments across the globe, and in particular tiger range countries, to assure a future for tigers in the wild:

We recognize the important role conservation breeding plays in assuring a future for tigers and other endangered species. We seek to raise awareness and a clear understanding however, that tiger farms are not conservation breeding programs, but rather a threat to the conservation of tigers in the wild. Tiger farms are commercial enterprises that breed and utilize tigers for profit, and not for conservation. We urge countries with tiger farms to immediately ban all trade in tiger parts, end tiger breeding for commercial purposes and to phase out their tiger farms. Such actions are fully consistent with decisions of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

The number of tigers on tiger farms has escalated rapidly in recent years, with 7,000-8,000 tigers reportedly held in a large number of facilities throughout East and Southeast Asia – most notably in China, Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam. This captive population is likely much higher than the remaining tigers in the wild, which are found across 11 range countries. Each of these last remaining wild tigers is threatened by the illegal trade in their body parts – from their skins down to their bones – which are traded by criminals for profit on the black market.

The current scale of commercial breeding operations on tiger farms is a significant obstacle to the protection and recovery of wild tiger populations.

  • Tiger farms are not conservation breeding programs: Tiger farms do not benefit the conservation of wild tigers, and must be differentiated from legitimate, accredited, zoos, whose focus is conservation. Conservation breeding programs have conservation as their primary aim, are part of a coordinated recovery effort, and generally are used to: address the causes of primary threats to a species, offset the effects of threats, buy time, and/or restore wild populations[1].  Conservation breeding, followed by the reintroduction of animals into the wild, is one of the most frequently cited conservation actions that have led to improvements in a species’ status on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[2]
  • Tiger farms undermine enforcement efforts: The movement of tiger products from such facilities to consumer markets, through legal or illegal means, complicates and thus undermines enforcement efforts aimed at distinguishing and stopping the trade in wild tiger products. CITES prohibits all international trade for primarily commercial purposes in tigers, tiger parts, and tiger products.
  • Tiger farms perpetuate and increase demand: The availability of any tiger products or derivatives from tiger farms serves to legitimize and normalize consumer desire to purchase such items in a region currently experiencing profound and sustained economic growth. Increased market demand for tiger parts continues to fuel poaching of wild tigers because it is cheaper to kill a tiger in the wild for trafficking of its parts than to raise one for the same purpose. Even a modest expansion in the persistent demand for tiger products could trigger immense poaching pressures on wild tiger populations.

These concerns are well-founded, given the considerable evidence base showing that the vast majority of tigers killed by poachers are trafficked illegally from countries such as India, Russia, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia to countries currently permitting the operation of tiger farms within their borders.


We recommend countries take the following steps to reduce the impact of tiger farms on the wild tiger population and to remove the economic incentive for commercial breeding:

  • Prohibit domestic commercial trade in all tiger parts, from any source, by introducing laws which prohibit trade in all tiger products. Review existing laws and strengthen them where necessary to assure that there are no loopholes that enable trade (noting that international trade is already prohibited).
  • Implement a plan and timeline to phase out existing tiger commercial breeding facilities.
  • Prevent the establishment of new tiger farms (or expansion of existing tiger commercial breeding facilities).

Our organizations stand ready to assist.

Association of Zoos and Aquariums

Wildlife Conservation Society

World Association of Zoos and Aquariums

World Wildlife Fund


[1] IUCN/SSC (2014). Guidelines on the Use of Ex Situ Management for Species Conservation. Version

2.0. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN Species Survival Commission.

[2] Barongi, R., Fisken, F. A ., Parker, M. & Gusset, M. (eds) (2015). Committing to Conservation: The World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Strategy. Gland: WAZA Executive Office, 69 pp.

Why Mangroves Matter: Experts Respond on International Mangrove Day

USDA releases baaaaad decision on sheep station

The USDA has released a long-awaited decision on the fate of its controversial Idaho Sheep Experiment Station, and unfortunately the news isn’t good: under the decision, the station will continue to run without adopting any measures to increase its compatibility with land health or wildlife habitat.

And the station is incompatible with both. Located in the Centennial Mountains along Idaho’s border with Montana, it obstructs a critical east-west wildlife corridor, thereby fragmenting carnivore populations and preventing bighorns from reestablishing themselves in historic habitats. Pneumonia from domestic livestock also has the potential to devastate bighorn herds.

To make matters worse, this decision also includes a plan to reopen grazing in two other domestic allotments, Snakey Canyon and Kelley Canyon, after it was suspended due to a legal challenge from Guardians in 2017. We’re extremely disappointed that sheep industry lobbyists and Idaho Representative Mike Simpson have scuttled plans to return the Centennial Range to wildlife and recreational uses, but we’ll keep fighting.

Read the press release.

The post USDA releases baaaaad decision on sheep station appeared first on WildEarth Guardians.

Shasta County ends contract with federal wildlife-killing agency

Officials in Shasta County, California, have announced that the county will be ending its contract with federal wildlife-killing agency Wildlife Services. The announcement comes after advocacy by Guardians and many allies.

Shasta County’s previous contract with Wildlife Services authorized the program to kill hundreds of bears and coyotes, as well as thousands of birds, muskrats, and other animals in the county every year. Over the past two years, Wildlife Services killed 72,385 animals in Shasta County, including non-target species like domestic dogs.

We hope Shasta will stick to nonlethal alternatives to address conflicts with wildlife, instead of spending residents’ tax dollars on trapping, poisoning, and shooting innocent animals.

Read the press release.

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