The Atlantic Ocean’s fingerprint on the climate of the Middle East

The Atlantic Ocean acts as a key pacemaker for Middle East surface air temperature (ME-SAT) multidecadal variability in summer. This is the important result of a study published on NPJ Climate and Atmospheric Science unveiling and demonstrating the existence of a North Atlantic-Middle East teleconnection, that is, a remote influence of the Atlantic multidecadal variability on the decadal variability of Middle East summer temperatures. This Atlantic-ME summer connection involves ocean-atmosphere interactions through multiple ocean basins, with an influence from the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.

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