Planetary boundaries: Interactions in the Earth system amplify human impacts

Transgressing one planetary boundary can amplify human impacts on another one. For the first time, an international team of scientists has quantified some of the planetary-scale interactions in the Earth system. These biophysical interactions have, in fact, almost doubled direct human impacts on the nine planetary boundaries, from climate change to freshwater use. This insight can now be applied in policy design for safeguarding the livelihoods of generations to come.

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